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‎MAQUET, Jacques.‎

Reference : 19974

‎Les Civilisations noires. Histoire, techniques, arts, societes.‎

‎Verviers, Gérard & C° ("Marabout Université n° 120"), 1966. in-16, 320 pages, illustrations en couleurs et N&B, cartes, index, broche, couverture illustree.‎


‎Bel exemplaire. [MB] ‎

Librairie Pique-Puces

Phone number : 081 733 361

EUR7.88

‎MARABOUT‎

Reference : RO90036520

‎LE DOSSIER AFRIQUE‎

‎EDITONS MARABOUT COLLECTION UNIVERSITE MU N°21. 1962. In-12 Carré. Broché. Etat d'usage. Tâchée. Dos satisfaisant. Intérieur frais. 318 pages. Nombreuses illustrations.‎


‎Editions Marabout. Collection Université.‎

Le-livre.fr / Le Village du Livre - Sablons

Phone number : 05 57 411 411

EUR14.90

‎MARAINI (Toni), VALENTIN (Manuel), SONNINO JANNELLI (Laura).‎

Reference : 87731

(1992)

‎Les parures du corps : album d'Afrique. Musée de l'Homme.‎

‎ Alinari 1992 1 vol. broché in-4, broché, couv. lllustrée, 31 pp., photos en couleurs de Laura Sonnino Jannelli. Texte en français. Très bon état.‎


‎ 2 ‎

Vignes Online - Eymoutiers

Phone number : 05 55 14 44 53

EUR16.00

‎MARAIS (Eugène)‎

Reference : 3290

‎Murs et coutumes des termites. Etudes de la fourmi blanche de l'Afrique du sud.‎

‎Paris, Payot-Bibliothèque Scientifique, 1938. In-8 broché, 196 pp. 23 gravures. ‎


Librairie Le Lutrin - Nice

Phone number : 06 82 09 51 82

EUR23.00

‎MARAIS Eugène‎

Reference : 5368

(1950)

‎Moeurs et Coutumes Des Termites. La Fourmi Blanche De l'Afrique Du Sud‎

‎ PAYOT In-8 Broché Paris 1950 196 pp, préface de Winifred de Kok, nombreuses gravures in-texte et hors-texte, rousseurs sur couverture ‎


‎Bon ‎

Librairie Le Cosmographe

Phone number : 33 02 47 29 11 95

EUR10.00

‎MARAIS, E.,‎

Reference : 2135

‎Moeurs et coutumes des termites. La fourmi blanche de l'Afrique du Sud ,‎

‎Payot, Paris, bibliothèque scientifique ,1950, In-8 broché,196 p.,‎


Librairie Grandchamps/Fafouille - Charleroi
EUR6.40

‎MARAJA (illustré par) ‎

Reference : QWA-5873

‎Contes africains ‎

‎Fabbri, 1960, 54 p., in-4 cartonnage (25x34), coll. "Les grands livres merveilleux", couverture un peu passée, petit manque au dos, intérieur propre, assez bon état ‎


Librairie de la Garenne

Phone number : 01 42 70 11 98

EUR10.00

‎[GUYOT] - ‎ ‎MARAN (G.).‎

Reference : 1469

(1946)

‎Le Livre de la brousse. P., Moulin de Pen-Mur, 1946, in-4, br., couv. ill. et rempl., non rogné, 218-(3) pp. (C223)‎

‎ 1946 ‎


‎Bel exemplaire de ce célèbre texte de l'écrivain martiniquais d'origine guyanaise René Maran (1887-1960). Il est illustré par le sculpteur et peintre animalier Georges GUYOT de 38 lithographies en couleurs dont 16 à pleine page. Figure familière de Montmartre, Guyot fut l'hôte du Bateau lavoir dès l'époque héroïque du cubisme. Ex. num. sur vergé antique. Etui un peu usé. Malgré un tirage assez important, on rencontre peu souvent ce séduisant bestiaire. ‎

Librairie Bogatyr - Versailles

Phone number : 06 70 86 98 86

EUR130.00

‎MARAN (René)‎

Reference : 2338

(1921)

‎Batouala. Véritable roman nègre, prix Goncourt 1921,‎

‎ 1921 189pp., br. Paris Albin Michel 1921,‎


‎Lebel-Hist. de la litt. coloniale 142: "l'auteur met en scène des populations arriérées de l'Oubangui...". ‎

Librairie ancienne Georges de Lucenay - Charolles

Phone number : 33 (0)3 85 53 99 03

EUR25.00

‎MARAN (René)‎

Reference : 10362

(1941)

‎BRAZZA et la fondation de l'A.E.F.‎

‎ 1941 br. in-8, 307pp., illustré, P. nrf 1941,‎


Librairie ancienne Georges de Lucenay - Charolles

Phone number : 33 (0)3 85 53 99 03

EUR30.00

‎MARAN (rené).‎

Reference : 17103

(1921)

‎Batouala.Véritable roman nègre.‎

‎ 1921 Editions Albin Michel, 1921, in-12 broché, couverture souple d'édition, 189 pages. Légères rousseurs claires sur le premier plat. Bon exemplaire.‎


‎Prix Goncourt 1921. ‎

Librairie la Ciguë - Saint-Etienne

Phone number : 04 77 38 47 31

EUR15.00

‎MARAN (René).‎

Reference : 73047

(1941)

‎Brazza et la fondation de l'A.E.F.‎

‎ Gallimard, 1941, in-8°, 304 pp, 18 photos sur 16 pl. hors texte, une carte, reliure pleine toile écrue, pièce de titre basane carmin (rel. de l'époque), bon état (Coll. La Découverte du monde)‎


‎Récit alerte et brillant de la vie de Brazza. Illustration photographique relative à l'A.E.F. "Quelques mois après la mort de Livingstone, un jeune aspirant d'origine romaine, mais servant dans la marine française au titre d'étranger, mouillait à l'embouchure de l'Ogooué. C'est alors que. naquit en lui l'ambition de continuer l'oeuvre d'exploration fluviale du Centre-Afrique. Naturalisé français, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza conquerra pacifiquement, pour son pays d'adoption, un immense territoire. Ce livre de René Maran, le plus complet, semble-t-il, qu'on ait consacré jusqu'ici à la personne et à l'oeuvre de Brazza, raconte par le menu, avec une évidente sympathie, cette vie ardente et féconde. A quel point René Maran connaît et comprend l'Afrique, le lecteur l'appréciera. Il aimera aussi ces pages historiques de l'expansion européenne les vues ambitieuses de Léopold II, la ténacité brutale de Stanley, les efforts des grands coloniaux français pour assurer à la métropole un empire qui soit digne de ses traditions et de sa mission civilisatrice." (Prière d'insérer) ‎

Pages d'Histoire - Librairie Clio - Paris

Phone number : 33 01 45 41 59 20

EUR40.00

‎MARAN (René).‎

Reference : 73048

(1938)

‎Livingstone et l'exploration de l'Afrique.‎

‎ Gallimard, 1938, in-8°, 276 pp, 18 gravures et photos hors texte, 3 cartes, reliure pleine toile écrue, pièce de titre basane carmin (rel. de l'époque), édition originale, ex. du SP, bon état (Coll. La Découverte du monde)‎


Pages d'Histoire - Librairie Clio - Paris

Phone number : 33 01 45 41 59 20

EUR40.00

‎MARAN (René). ‎

Reference : 106484

‎Asepsie noire ! ‎

‎ P., Martinet, 1931. In-8, 46 pp. broché. ‎


‎Cette étude sur la médecine en Afrique est illustrée de plusieurs photographies et gravures. ‎

Jacques Chaminade

Phone number : 06 87 10 26 56

EUR20.00

‎MARAN RENE‎

Reference : R320078110

‎BRAZZA - ET LA FONDATION DE L'A.E.F.‎

‎GALLIMARD. NON DATE. In-8 Carré. Broché. Etat d'usage. Tâchée. Dos satisfaisant. Intérieur frais. 300 pages - quelques planches photos en noir et blanc et 1 carte en noir et blanc sur 2 page (en debut de volume) - Salissure sur le 1er plat.‎


Le-livre.fr / Le Village du Livre - Sablons

Phone number : 05 57 411 411

EUR29.80

‎MARAN René‎

Reference : 8720

‎BATOUALA. ‎

‎ "Editions de l'Imprimerie Nationale de Monaco ""Collection des Prix Goncourt"" 1950. Edition numérotée (exemplaire n° 2742 tiré sur papier Vélin Crèvecoeur crème filigrané du Marais). 221 p. bibliographie des uvres de René Maran. In-8 broché couverture cartonnée crème titre rouge sous protection plastifiée. Bel exemplaire non coupé." ‎


‎Véritable roman nègre. ‎

L'ivre d'histoire

Phone number : 0787620247

EUR24.00

‎MARAN René‎

Reference : 712

‎MBALA L'ELEPHANT‎

‎ PARIS? Ed. de Pen-Mur - 1943 - 143 pages.Illustrations de André COLLOT.Grans In-4° - Couveerture rempliée. Exemplaire sur Vélin, Tirage limité N° 916.Exemplaire non coupé, NEUF.‎


‎Dédié à J.H. ROSNY Jeune. DES ACHATS MULTIPLES réduisent très sensiblement les frais de port ET peuvent génèrer 5, 10 voir 20 % de REDUCTION - CONSULTEZ nos autres ouvrages- Achat, vente et expertises de livres anciens - Librairie Spécialisée en Généalogie, Bretagne et Histoire - Envoi rapide et soigné - Conditions de vente : Les ouvrages sont payables à la commande. Nous acceptons les règlements par chèque, virement, ou paypalLes frais de port affichés au moment de la commande sont indicatifs. Un envoi prioritaire est dŽenviron 10 euros pour la France, 15 euros pour lŽEurope et 25 euros pour les USA. Ce tarif est basé sur celui d'un livre pesant 1 kilogramme. Si le livre commandé dépasse ce poids nous pouvons être amené à vous contacter pour vous signaler le prix du supplément de port. - Conditions de livraison : Les envois simples, sans suivi, ni assurance, sont sous la responsabilités des acheteurs. Une estimation des frais de port peut être faite sur simple demande, pour un ouvrage et une destination donnés. nous pouvons vous recevoir uniquement sur rendez-vous..‎

A l's.p.rance - Saint-Derrien

Phone number : 06 81 23 31 48

EUR155.00

‎MARAN René ‎

Reference : 1151

‎ASEPSIE NOIRE ! .‎

‎ Paris, Editions des Laboratoires Martinet, 1931, format 245x180mm, broché, 46 pages, gravures et illustrations photographiques dans le texte, exemplaire en bon état.‎


Librairie Franck Launai - Guerande

Phone number : 02 40 11 79 29

EUR15.00

‎MARAN, Ren‚‎

Reference : 5789

(1980)

ISBN : 2723604640

‎Batouala.‎

‎ Paris, Club Afrique Loisir 1980 188 p Cartonn‚ marron, plat orn‚ d'un masque africain dor‚, encadrement et titre dor‚s au plat et au dos. Gardes orn‚es de photos de 7 masques. Format 14 x 22‎


‎ TBE ISBN 2723604640 ‎

La Livrothèque - Avis Aux Amateurs - Marseille

Phone number : 33 (0)491 81 22 68

EUR30.00

‎MARBAUD (Pierre)‎

Reference : 23619

‎Coup d’oeil sur l’Algérie pendant la crise de 1859-1860 ‎

‎et Réflexions sur le décret relatif à la Vente des Terres domaniales. Constantine, Imprimerie et Lithographie de Ve Guende, 1860, in-8, br., couv. imp. non coupée. 3ff.n.ch. pp. [5] à 49, 1 f. blanc Playfair 2260. Tailliart 2821: “L’Algérie a plus souffert que bénéficié du voisinage de la France; on retourne trop facilement dans la Mére-Patrie. Il faut expulser d’Algérie un certain nombre de personnalités indigènes trop puissantes”. Très bon exemplaire.‎


Librairie Chamonal - Paris

Phone number : 01 47 70 84 87

EUR220.00

‎Marc-Chadourne, Jacqueline ‎

Reference : KXI-28628

‎André Gide et l'Afrique Le rôle de l'Afrique dans la vie et l'oeuvre de l'écrivain‎

‎Paris - Saint-Brieuc Librairie A.-G. Nizet - Les Presses Bretonnes 1968 - 1968 215 p. notes bibliographiques, bibliographie, appendice petit in-8, 14 x 19 cm Broché, couverture blanc cassé de l'éditeur, titre en rouge et noir Couverture défraichie, pages un peu jaunies, ouvrage non coupé, tel que paru ‎


‎par Jacqueline Marc-Chadourne Jacqueline Marc-Chadourne était professeur, chercheur très actif, et spécialiste de la littérature du XXème siècle, en particulier André Gide, et Blaise Cendrars qui faisait l'objet de sa thèse de doctorat : ''Blaise Cendrars, poète du Cosmos (1972)''‎

Jean-Denis Touzot Libraire - Paris

Phone number : 01 43 26 03 88

EUR30.00

‎MARCAIS Georges ,Georges Marçais‎

Reference : 21491

(1958)

‎Les bijoux musulmans de l'Afrique du Nord.‎

‎ 1958 Alger, Impr. officielle, 1958.Collection : Les Conférences-visites du Músee Stéphane Gseil, 1956-1957,IN8 broché,21 pages illustrations 25 cm.‎


‎rare,bon etat ‎

Livres Anciens Komar - Meounes les Montrieux

Phone number : 33 04 94 63 34 56

EUR20.00

‎MARCAIS, Georges,‎

Reference : 23975

‎Les villes d'art célèbres, Tunis et Kairouan,‎

‎Renouard, Laurens, Paris 1937, reliure souple d'édition, état correct, 154 pages,‎


Librairie Grandchamps/Fafouille - Charleroi
EUR13.00

‎ MARCEL & LECLERC (sculpsit) ‎

Reference : 26386

(1809)

‎"DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE. Inscriptions, monnaies et médailles. Inscriptions koufiques gravées sur le Meqyâs de l'ile de Roudah. (ETAT MODERNE, volume II, planche a)"‎

‎" - Imprimerie Impériale, Paris 1809-1829, 71x53,5cm, une feuille. - Gravure originale à l'eau-forte in plano, non rognée, extraite de l'édition dite « Impériale » de la Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand. Réalisée entre février 1802 et 1829 sur ordre de Napoléon Bonaparte et publiée à partir de 1809 [en réalité 1810], elle fut tirée à 1000 exemplaires sur Vergé filigrané « Égypte ancienne et moderne » et offerte aux institutions. Légères et marginales rousseurs sans atteinte à la gravure, sinon très bel état de fraîcheur et de conservation. Volume ETAT MODERNE, II : Le génie des savants de l'Institut se révèle particulièrement à travers les planches de la section dite Egypte Moderne. Architecture, industrie, structures sociales, état sanitaire, régime des eaux, musique, artisanat, sont exposés avec une précision et une qualité graphique exceptionnelle. L'esprit de L'Encyclopédie de Diderot et d'Alembert reste sous-jacent dans la démarche des dessinateurs de la Description de L'Egypte, qui accompagnent les volumes de textes de nombreuses planches détaillées, s'employant à dresser un portrait des populations empreint de beauté et de respect. Riches pachas ou simples artisans potiers sont représentés avec sensibilité, vaquant à leurs occupations au milieu de compositions esthétiques, sans pour autant tomber dans l'idéalisme ou la caricature. LA DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE, édition IMPERIALE (1809-1829) : La Description de l'Egypte est un des chefs d'uvre de l'édition française et le point de départ d'une nouvelle science : l'égyptologie. Titanesque exposé de l'Egypte au temps des conquêtes de Bonaparte entre 1798 et 1799, elle est répartie en 23 volumes dont 13 volumes de gravures rassemblant près de 1000 planches en noir et 72 en couleur. Les 6 volumes de planches intitulées Antiquités sont consacrés aux splendeurs de l'Egypte pharaonique. L'Histoire naturelle est répartie en 3 volumes de gravures. Un volume est consacré aux Cartes géographiques et topographiques tandis que les 3 volumes : Etat Moderne dressent un portrait saisissant de l'Egypte copte et islamique telle qu'elle était vue par les armées d'Orient de Bonaparte. La « campagne d'Egypte », désastre militaire, dévoile à travers les gravures de la Description de l'Egypte la réussite scientifique qu'elle est devenue, grâce aux quelques 167 savants membres de la Commission des sciences et des arts de l'Institut d'Egypte qui suivaient l'armée de Napoléon. L'Institut a réuni en Egypte le mathématicien Monge, le chimiste Berthollet, le naturaliste Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, ainsi que de nombreux artistes, ingénieurs, architectes, médecins... Ils eurent la charge de redécouvrir l'Egypte moderne et antique, d'en montrer les richesses naturelles, et le savoir-faire de ses habitants. L'édition originale, dite « Impériale », de la Description de l'Egypte fut réalisée sur quatre formats de grande taille, deux d'entre eux spécialement créés pour elle et baptisés formats « Moyen-Egypte » et « Grand-Egypte ». On construisit une presse spécifique pour son impression, qui s'étala sur vingt ans, entre 1809 et 1829. L'édition Impériale s'avéra si populaire qu'une deuxième édition en 37 volumes entièrement en noir et sans le filigrane « Egypte ancienne et moderne », dite édition « Panckoucke », fut publiée à partir de 1821 par l'imprimerie C.-L.-F. Panckoucke (Paris). La réalisation de ce monument d'érudition doit beaucoup au baron Dominique Vivant Denon, illustrateur, diplomate, collectionneur et par la suite directeur du musée Napoléon du Louvre qui accompagna Napoléon en Egypte avec de nombreux autres savants mais décida seul de s'aventurer dans le Sud du pays, alors que les autres scientifiques conviés restaient confinés dans la région du Caire. Les fabuleux croquis rapportés par Denon lors de sa romanesque chevauchée donnèrent l'idée à Bonaparte d'y envoyer les autres membres de l'Institut et ainsi dresser un portrait fidèle et complet du territoire. A la suite de Denon, ce sont donc les plus grands scientifiques et artistes français qui s'aventurèrent le long du Nil jusqu'en Nubie. Parmi eux, le peintre au muséum d'histoire naturelle H.J. Redouté (frère de Pierre-Joseph Redouté, auteur des Roses), le minéralogiste Dolomieu, le dessinateur Joly, et les ingénieurs Fourier et Costaz, chargés de l'étude scientifique des vestiges antiques de Haute-Egypte. Sans doute pour la première fois réunie dans une telle expédition, l'élite scientifique et artistique française, composée de plus de 160 « savants » dont près de 50 artistes, étudie méthodiquement l'Egypte pendant trois ans. Ils réalisent alors, sous l'égide et à la gloire de Napoléon, la plus vaste analyse historique, géographique, scientifique, économique et ethnologique jamais réalisée sur un pays. Mais ce sont peut-être les gravures qui constituèrent le défi technique majeur de cette Description de l'Egypte, comme en témoigne Yves Laissus, commissaire de l'exposition organisée en 2009 par la RMN et le Musée de l'Armée aux Invalides : « L'illustration, 836 planches dont une soixantaine en couleurs, gravées à l'eau forte et au burin dans des formats jusqu'alors inusités (le plus grand couvre près d'un mètre carré), a nécessité la construction de nouvelles formes et cuves pour la fabrication du papier, justifié l'invention, par Nicolas Conté, d'une machine destinée à alléger la besogne des graveurs, et exigé la réalisation de nouvelles presses capables d'imprimer ces images immenses. Certaines d'entre elles ont demandé deux années de travail. Près de 200 graveurs ont reproduit sur le cuivre les uvres de 62 dessinateurs dont 46 ont participé à l'expédition. » Rare et superbe gravure originale d'une exceptionnelle facture et qualité graphique, témoignage d'une des plus ambitieuses aventures éditoriales françaises. - Photos sur www.Edition-originale.com - [AUTOMATIC ENGLISH TRANSLATION FOLLOWS] Original, unshaved, full-page etching from the ""Imperial edition"" of the Description de l'Égypte, or 'Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand [A Collection of the observations and research carried out in Egypt during the French expedition, published on the orders of his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon the Great]'. Produced between February 1802 and 1830 on the orders of Naopleon Bonaparte and published between 1809 and 1828, 1,000 copies were printed and distributed to institutions, on vergé paper with an 'Égypte ancienne et moderne' watermark, visible when held up to the light. Light marginal spotting not touching image, otherwise in very fresh, fine condition. An engraving from the Description de l'Egypte, one of the masterpieces of French printing and the birth of a new field: Egyptology. A gigantic survey of Egypt at the time of Bonaparte's conquests in 1798 and 1799, the work is divided into 13 volumes of engravings making up 892 plates, of which 72 colored, as well as presenting the splendors of the Egypt of the Pharaohs in 9 volumes. The other volumes discuss natural history and present a fascinating portrait of Coptic and Islamic Egypt as it was seen by Bonaparte's Eastern Armies. The 'Egyptian campaign', militarily a disaster, demonstrates, through the engravings of the Description d'Egypte, the scientific success it nonetheless became thanks to the 167 expert members of the Commission of the Sciences and Arts of the Institut d'Egypte [Egyptian Institute] who followed Napoleon's army. The Institut gathered together in Egypt the mathematician Monge, the chemist Berthollet, the naturalist Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire as well as numerous artists, engineers, architects and doctors. They were tasked with re-discovering modern and ancient Egypt and displaying its natural treasures as well as the know-how of its inhabitants. This edition, the so-called ""Imperial"" edition of the plates for the Description de l'Egypte was printed in four large formats, two of which were specially created for it and christened ""Moyen-Egypte"" and ""Grand-Egypte"". A special press was built to print it, the process extending over 20 years, from 1809 to 1829. The ""Imperial"" edition proved so popular that a second edition, this time in black and white and without the ""Egypte ancienne et moderne"" watermark - known as the ""Royal Edition"" - was published during the Restoration by the printing house of C.-L.-F. Panckoucke (Paris). The engravings of the Description d'Egypte owe a great deal to Baron Dominique-Vivant Denon, illustrator, diplomat, collector and later Director of the Musée Napoléon (the Louvre). His exploration of the South of Egypt gave Bonaparte the idea of sending the experts of the Institut there, thus creating a faithful and complete portrait of the area. This was the research gathered together from 1802 in the mammoth Description de L'Egypte. Denon embarked on this story of archeological exploration at the age of 51, reaching first Alexandria and then Cairo before exploring Upper Egypt. Along with the members of the Institut d'Egypte, the Natural History Museum's painter H.J. Redouté (brother of Pierre-Joseph Redouté, author of Roses), the mineralogist Dolomiue, and the draughtsman Joly, Denon then explored the Nile Delta and Lower Egypt. When, however, he joined the 21st Light Infantry Regiment as it marched across Upper Egypt in pursuit of the retreating Mameluks in November 1798, he found himself the only civilian. In the very midst of the battle itself, he reeled off sketches of the works of art that peppered his path right up to the threshold of the Sudan. He said that he had crossed ""a country that is, apart from its name, entirely unknown to Europeans, and therefore everything was worth describing"" (Voyages dans la Basse et la Haute Egypte pendant les campagnes de Bonaparte en 1798 et 1799, 1817). On his return to Cairo, the great general, spellbound by Denon's accounts and drawings ordered two commissions to be set up, led by the engineers Fourier and Costaz. They were tasked with the scientific study of the ancient remains in Upper Egypt; research that proved a significant contribution to the monumental Description d'Egypte, from which this plate is taken. ANCIENT EGYPTThese engravings therefore represent a unique body of material that contributed to Jean-François Champollion's deciphering of hieroglyphics, and which mark the beginning of the line of Mariette, Maspero and Carter, who would reshape the face of Ancient Egypt. They also started a craze that gave birth to the phenomenon of Egyptomania and the Orientalism of Delacroix, Fromentin, Marilhat, Decamps and Théophile Gautier. Financiers, politicians, merchants and all kinds of treasure-hunters made their way to the banks of the Nile in search of riches, following this rediscovery of Egypt. The originators of Egyptology, these plates were to have a hugely influential afterlife. NATURAL HISTORYThese engravings show the scientific genius of the French experts then working on the ground in Egypt, laying the foundations for its becoming a French colony. This colonizing project, which had been mooted since the reign of Louis XIV, was now accompanied - with Bonaparte's arrival - by an in-depth study of the country's fauna and flora thanks to the work of the most eminent naturalists, mineralogists, and entomologists of the day. The Description de l'Egypte shows all of this immense scientific undertaking through its engravings, which were done after drawings by members of the Academy of Science, including Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire, Alire Raffenau-Delile and Henri-Joseph Redouté. In the words of Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, ""We have gathered the material for the greatest work that a nation could hope to undertake. In mourning the fate of so many brave soldiers who - after so many glorious exploits - fell in Egypt, we shall be able to console ourselves that such precious works came into being."" MODERN EGYPTThe genius of the experts of the Institut d'Egypte is revealed in the plates of the section known as ""Modern Egypte"". Architecture, industry, social organization, conditions of health, irrigation, music, and crafts, are all presented with exceptional precision and powers of description. The spirit of Diderot and d'Alembert's Encyclopédie runs through the work of the draughtsmen of the Description de L'Egypte, who accompanied the text volumes with numerous detailed plates, undertaking to produce a portrait of the local population that was imbued with both beauty and respect. Wealthy Pashas and simple artisan potters are sensitively represented here, going about their business in beautifully composed images that nonetheless do not fall into the traps of idealism or caricature. ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE (the ""Cairo"" plates) The set of engravings to which this plate belongs constitutes one of the first complete studies of the monuments of Islamic Egypt in Cairo, bringing together maps, sections and elevations of mosques, mausoleums and fortifications, from the Tulunid era in the 9th century up to the Mameluk constructions contemporaneous with the arrival of the Bonapartist troops. At the same time, the architects and engineers of the Institut d'Egypte also made a big series of plates dedicated to civilian housing and edifices in Cairo, including both grander and more modest constructions, providing a precious picture of life in Cairo at the end of the 19th century. BAB AL FOUTOUH Bab el-Foutouh, "" The Conquest Gate"" marks the northern limit of Fatimid old Cairo. Rebuilt in 1087, it is highly defensive in nature owing to the turbulent climate in 11th Century Cairo, which saw a number of popular uprisings. An imposing gate, it has two semicircular towers with low-slung arches made of heavy blocks of stone anchored within the ramparts. The sizeable passage through the gate (4.85m wide by 6.79m high) has a shallow dome. BAB EL NASR Bab el-Nasr, ""The Victory Gate"" is on the northern wall of the Fatimid fortress in Cairo. Its two enormous rectangular towers were rebuilt in 1087 after a long period of popular uprisings. On this highly attractive frontal image signed Protain, one can admire the sculpted shields in the corners of the gate and on the towers, symbolizing victory and protection against invaders. After taking Cairo, Napoleon named all the towers along the wall of the fortress after the officers assigned to guard them. Their names are still engraved on the upper parts of the walls of the gate. SULTAN HASSAN MOSQUEThe massive architectural complex constructed by Sultan Hassan at the foot of the citadel in Cairo was built in the ostentatious style so characteristic of Mameluk architecture. Completed in 1356, the Sultan Hassan Mosque has a monumental gate and a 57m high minaret. This group of buildings, comprising a mausoleum that was never put to use, was strategically built on the site of a square that saw the start of a number of popular uprisings. The mosque was heavily inspired by Iranian models. Philae This plate is taken from a set of engravings dedicated to the Temple of Isis on the island of Philae. The final bastion of the worship of the ancient Egyptian gods, the temple of Isis was the last pagan temple to be in use before it was closed in the 6th century A.D. under Justinian. Construction on the temple began under the Ptolemies, a period of growth for the Isis cult. Isis was the sister and wife of Osiris and mother to Horus. Kom Ombo (Ombos) The Kom Ombo site, 40 kilometers from Aswan, is home to one of the best preserved ancient Egyptian temples, dedicated to Sobek, a crocodile god and Haroeris, a form of Horus. Built in the Ptolemaic era, it was actually founded during the XVIIIth Dynasty. Its massive Composite capitals and highly accomplished reliefs are captured accurately by the draughtsmen of the Institut d'Egypte, Jollois, Balzac and Cécile. The dual aspect of its design, intended for worship of two different divine triads - those of Sobek and Haroeris - is reproduced in great detail by the architects and engineers of the Egyptian campaign through this set of prints, which preceded the first archeological digs in the building by Auguste Mariette in 1828. Edfu This plate is taken from a series of views of the great temple at Edfu and the various buildings in its cultic complex. The temple of Horus, a jewel of Ptolemaic architecture and exceptionally well-preserved, is made up of a majestic entry gate and a hypostyle chamber, which are both extensively documented thanks to the engravings by the experts of the Institut d'Egypte. Begun in 237 BC by Ptolemy III and completed 180 years later under Tiberius, it proved an extraordinary sight for the draughtsmen come to explore the left bank of the Nile. Esna and its environs The town of Esna (Esneh or Latopolis in Bonaparte's time), lies fifty kilometers to the south of Luxor. The experts from the Institut de l'Egypte documented their discovery of its temple, dedicated to Khnum, one of the gods of creation who worked with clay and had the head of a ram; he controlled the life-giving flooding of the Nile, the source of fertility. He was associated with Nebt-uu, the mistress of the countryside and Menhyt, a goddess with the head of a lion. This temple, partially rebuilt during the Ptolemaic era, was added to right up to the reign of Tiberius. The draughtsmen also produced a number of views of the neighboring temples, most notably the less well-preserved temple of Contra-Latopolis to the north of Esna. Thebes Medinet-Habu Close to Thebes and Luxor on the left bank of the Nile, the city of Medinet-Habu is home to one of the most attractive temples of New Kingdom period Egypt, the mortuary temple of Ramses III. This dates from the middle of the 12th century BC, and is based on the famous Ramesseum of his predecessor, which it surpasses in size. A funerary temple celebrating the Pharaoh, the experts of the Institut d'Egypte set about creating cross-sections, plans and elevations, and most especially capturing its numerous bas-reliefs. The architects and draughtsmen also focused on the Royal Palace and its internal peristyle within the 12-metre fortress that encircles the religious complex, including the Temple of Amon, located at the south-east of the site and begun in the reign of Hatshepsut at the end of the 15th Century BC. Memnonium The Memnonium, a name used by visitors to the Valley of the Kings from 1750 to 1850, refers to a set of three royal buildings constructed during the New Kingdom: the Ramesseum, the Temple of Amenhotep III and the Temple of Sethi I. The draughtsmen and architects of Bonaparte's Institut, sent out on expedition across Upper Egypt from 1799 documented Thebes and the Valley of the Kings, even attempting to reconstruct some of the buildings on the basis of descriptions by Classical authors. The tomb of Ozymandias (one of the numerous names of Ramses II), in a very poor state, thus became the subject of very thorough study and an attempt to fill in its missing bits on the basis of the writings of Diodurus Siculus. This Greek historian of the Augustine period stayed in the valley of the Nile from 60-57 BC and his visit to the tomb of Ramses II is recounted in his monumental Bibliotheca Historica (Book I, XLVII-XLIX).At the same time, the experts also made extremely detailed studies and views of the Colossi of Memnon, all that remains of a huge memorial temple to Amenhotep III built on the road to the necropolis in the Valley of the Kings. These colossi were located at the entrance to the temple in front of a preliminary pylon made of brick. These two statues represent King Amenhotep III framed to the right by the great Royal Consort Tiy and to the left by the Queen Mother Mutemwiya. Hypogea and Biban el Moluk This plate is taken from a series of engravings of the hypogea in the Valley of the Kings (Biban el Moluk) in Thebes. Some are in color to show the vivid hues of the sarcophaguses and mysterious murals whose secret had yet to be broken by Jean-François Champollion. The draughtsmen of the Institut, including the famous Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, sent by Napoleon to cover Upper Egypt in 1799, capture with élan the royal mummies and the artifacts that accompanied the dead in their journey to the netherworld: urns, furniture, weapons, idols and the mummies of numerous mammals and birds. Karnak This plate is from a set on the Great Temple at Karnak, built during the New Kingdom at the time of Ramses III. This enormous complex is divided into three parts and is dedicated to the Theban Triad of gods, Amun, Mut and Khonsu. Its sculptures, internal bas-reliefs and sunken reliefs on the external facades are intricately captured by the engineers of the Institut, while the architects worked out the complex groundplan of this edifice, which was divided into facades, colonnaded halls and sacral spaces reserved for the temple priests. The alley of the monumental sphinx which links the site to the Luxor site was also the subject of a plate by Lepère, an architect from the Institut who took part in the expedition across Upper Egypt. Dendera The experts executed views and drawings of the temples of Dendera (or Tentyra), a city in Upper Egypt 60km to the north of Luxor. They have captured, with an exceptional degree of graphic artistry, the thick, round nature of the sculpted reliefs of the great Temple of Hathor, built under the Ptolemies in the first half of the 1st century BC. They also produced interesting views of the neighboring temples as well as a selection of reliefs of the ""Dendera Zodiac"", a chapel dedicated to Osiris and located beneath the temple of Hathor. Its famous astronomical relief was discovered by the French General Desaix - stationed in Upper Egypt by Bonaparte from 1798 - and taken back to France in 1821 by Claude Lelorrain; it is now on display in the Louvre. Another astronomical and cosmological relief on the ceiling of the hypostyle hall of the Temple of Hathor is the subject of a magnificent plate by Jollois and Devilliers. This covers seven soffit coffers of the ceiling and is an immense allegorical image showing several levels of consciousness: that of cosmogony, the constellations and their effect on the Earth, the creation of Man, and the Nomes of Egypt, symbolized by 21 pairs of wings topped with the red crown of Lower Egypt and the white tiara of Upper Egypt. The Pyramids at Memphis The Giza Plateau, near Memphis, is home to three of the most famous Ancient Egyptian Pyramids, the tombs of Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure, Pharaohs of the 4th Dynasty (2620-2500 BC). The experts of the Institut, hurrying to Memphis, explored the plateau and made numerous views of these majestic pyramids, towering over inhabitants and mounted figures. They also made minutely detailed views of the epigraphs on the tombs adjacent to the pyramids, as well as views of the Sphinx of Gaza near the Pyramid of Khafre. Views of Alexandria A plate taken from a set of view of Alexandria as it was found by Napoleon's army in June 1798. Embarking in Toulon on the 14th May, his troops disembarked at Alexandria a month later and explored this port city before heading towards Cairo to take the capital. " Imprimerie Impériale Paris _1809-1829 "71x53,5cm" une feuille‎


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‎"DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE. Inscriptions, monnaies et médailles. Inscriptions koufiques gravées sur le Meqyâs de l'ile de Roudah. (ETAT MODERNE, volume II, planche b)"‎

‎" - Imprimerie Impériale, Paris 1809-1829, 71x53,5cm, une feuille. - Gravure originale à l'eau-forte in plano, non rognée, extraite de l'édition dite « Impériale » de la Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand. Réalisée entre février 1802 et 1829 sur ordre de Napoléon Bonaparte et publiée à partir de 1809 [en réalité 1810], elle fut tirée à 1000 exemplaires sur Vergé filigrané « Égypte ancienne et moderne » et offerte aux institutions. Légères et marginales rousseurs sans atteinte à la gravure, sinon très bel état de fraîcheur et de conservation. Volume ETAT MODERNE, II : Le génie des savants de l'Institut se révèle particulièrement à travers les planches de la section dite Egypte Moderne. Architecture, industrie, structures sociales, état sanitaire, régime des eaux, musique, artisanat, sont exposés avec une précision et une qualité graphique exceptionnelle. L'esprit de L'Encyclopédie de Diderot et d'Alembert reste sous-jacent dans la démarche des dessinateurs de la Description de L'Egypte, qui accompagnent les volumes de textes de nombreuses planches détaillées, s'employant à dresser un portrait des populations empreint de beauté et de respect. Riches pachas ou simples artisans potiers sont représentés avec sensibilité, vaquant à leurs occupations au milieu de compositions esthétiques, sans pour autant tomber dans l'idéalisme ou la caricature. LA DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE, édition IMPERIALE (1809-1829) : La Description de l'Egypte est un des chefs d'uvre de l'édition française et le point de départ d'une nouvelle science : l'égyptologie. Titanesque exposé de l'Egypte au temps des conquêtes de Bonaparte entre 1798 et 1799, elle est répartie en 23 volumes dont 13 volumes de gravures rassemblant près de 1000 planches en noir et 72 en couleur. Les 6 volumes de planches intitulées Antiquités sont consacrés aux splendeurs de l'Egypte pharaonique. L'Histoire naturelle est répartie en 3 volumes de gravures. Un volume est consacré aux Cartes géographiques et topographiques tandis que les 3 volumes : Etat Moderne dressent un portrait saisissant de l'Egypte copte et islamique telle qu'elle était vue par les armées d'Orient de Bonaparte. La « campagne d'Egypte », désastre militaire, dévoile à travers les gravures de la Description de l'Egypte la réussite scientifique qu'elle est devenue, grâce aux quelques 167 savants membres de la Commission des sciences et des arts de l'Institut d'Egypte qui suivaient l'armée de Napoléon. L'Institut a réuni en Egypte le mathématicien Monge, le chimiste Berthollet, le naturaliste Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, ainsi que de nombreux artistes, ingénieurs, architectes, médecins... Ils eurent la charge de redécouvrir l'Egypte moderne et antique, d'en montrer les richesses naturelles, et le savoir-faire de ses habitants. L'édition originale, dite « Impériale », de la Description de l'Egypte fut réalisée sur quatre formats de grande taille, deux d'entre eux spécialement créés pour elle et baptisés formats « Moyen-Egypte » et « Grand-Egypte ». On construisit une presse spécifique pour son impression, qui s'étala sur vingt ans, entre 1809 et 1829. L'édition Impériale s'avéra si populaire qu'une deuxième édition en 37 volumes entièrement en noir et sans le filigrane « Egypte ancienne et moderne », dite édition « Panckoucke », fut publiée à partir de 1821 par l'imprimerie C.-L.-F. Panckoucke (Paris). La réalisation de ce monument d'érudition doit beaucoup au baron Dominique Vivant Denon, illustrateur, diplomate, collectionneur et par la suite directeur du musée Napoléon du Louvre qui accompagna Napoléon en Egypte avec de nombreux autres savants mais décida seul de s'aventurer dans le Sud du pays, alors que les autres scientifiques conviés restaient confinés dans la région du Caire. Les fabuleux croquis rapportés par Denon lors de sa romanesque chevauchée donnèrent l'idée à Bonaparte d'y envoyer les autres membres de l'Institut et ainsi dresser un portrait fidèle et complet du territoire. A la suite de Denon, ce sont donc les plus grands scientifiques et artistes français qui s'aventurèrent le long du Nil jusqu'en Nubie. Parmi eux, le peintre au muséum d'histoire naturelle H.J. Redouté (frère de Pierre-Joseph Redouté, auteur des Roses), le minéralogiste Dolomieu, le dessinateur Joly, et les ingénieurs Fourier et Costaz, chargés de l'étude scientifique des vestiges antiques de Haute-Egypte. Sans doute pour la première fois réunie dans une telle expédition, l'élite scientifique et artistique française, composée de plus de 160 « savants » dont près de 50 artistes, étudie méthodiquement l'Egypte pendant trois ans. Ils réalisent alors, sous l'égide et à la gloire de Napoléon, la plus vaste analyse historique, géographique, scientifique, économique et ethnologique jamais réalisée sur un pays. Mais ce sont peut-être les gravures qui constituèrent le défi technique majeur de cette Description de l'Egypte, comme en témoigne Yves Laissus, commissaire de l'exposition organisée en 2009 par la RMN et le Musée de l'Armée aux Invalides : « L'illustration, 836 planches dont une soixantaine en couleurs, gravées à l'eau forte et au burin dans des formats jusqu'alors inusités (le plus grand couvre près d'un mètre carré), a nécessité la construction de nouvelles formes et cuves pour la fabrication du papier, justifié l'invention, par Nicolas Conté, d'une machine destinée à alléger la besogne des graveurs, et exigé la réalisation de nouvelles presses capables d'imprimer ces images immenses. Certaines d'entre elles ont demandé deux années de travail. Près de 200 graveurs ont reproduit sur le cuivre les uvres de 62 dessinateurs dont 46 ont participé à l'expédition. » Rare et superbe gravure originale d'une exceptionnelle facture et qualité graphique, témoignage d'une des plus ambitieuses aventures éditoriales françaises. - Photos sur www.Edition-originale.com - [AUTOMATIC ENGLISH TRANSLATION FOLLOWS] Original, unshaved, full-page etching from the ""Imperial edition"" of the Description de l'Égypte, or 'Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand [A Collection of the observations and research carried out in Egypt during the French expedition, published on the orders of his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon the Great]'. Produced between February 1802 and 1830 on the orders of Naopleon Bonaparte and published between 1809 and 1828, 1,000 copies were printed and distributed to institutions, on vergé paper with an 'Égypte ancienne et moderne' watermark, visible when held up to the light. Light marginal spotting not touching image, otherwise in very fresh, fine condition. An engraving from the Description de l'Egypte, one of the masterpieces of French printing and the birth of a new field: Egyptology. A gigantic survey of Egypt at the time of Bonaparte's conquests in 1798 and 1799, the work is divided into 13 volumes of engravings making up 892 plates, of which 72 colored, as well as presenting the splendors of the Egypt of the Pharaohs in 9 volumes. The other volumes discuss natural history and present a fascinating portrait of Coptic and Islamic Egypt as it was seen by Bonaparte's Eastern Armies. The 'Egyptian campaign', militarily a disaster, demonstrates, through the engravings of the Description d'Egypte, the scientific success it nonetheless became thanks to the 167 expert members of the Commission of the Sciences and Arts of the Institut d'Egypte [Egyptian Institute] who followed Napoleon's army. The Institut gathered together in Egypt the mathematician Monge, the chemist Berthollet, the naturalist Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire as well as numerous artists, engineers, architects and doctors. They were tasked with re-discovering modern and ancient Egypt and displaying its natural treasures as well as the know-how of its inhabitants. This edition, the so-called ""Imperial"" edition of the plates for the Description de l'Egypte was printed in four large formats, two of which were specially created for it and christened ""Moyen-Egypte"" and ""Grand-Egypte"". A special press was built to print it, the process extending over 20 years, from 1809 to 1829. The ""Imperial"" edition proved so popular that a second edition, this time in black and white and without the ""Egypte ancienne et moderne"" watermark - known as the ""Royal Edition"" - was published during the Restoration by the printing house of C.-L.-F. Panckoucke (Paris). The engravings of the Description d'Egypte owe a great deal to Baron Dominique-Vivant Denon, illustrator, diplomat, collector and later Director of the Musée Napoléon (the Louvre). His exploration of the South of Egypt gave Bonaparte the idea of sending the experts of the Institut there, thus creating a faithful and complete portrait of the area. This was the research gathered together from 1802 in the mammoth Description de L'Egypte. Denon embarked on this story of archeological exploration at the age of 51, reaching first Alexandria and then Cairo before exploring Upper Egypt. Along with the members of the Institut d'Egypte, the Natural History Museum's painter H.J. Redouté (brother of Pierre-Joseph Redouté, author of Roses), the mineralogist Dolomiue, and the draughtsman Joly, Denon then explored the Nile Delta and Lower Egypt. When, however, he joined the 21st Light Infantry Regiment as it marched across Upper Egypt in pursuit of the retreating Mameluks in November 1798, he found himself the only civilian. In the very midst of the battle itself, he reeled off sketches of the works of art that peppered his path right up to the threshold of the Sudan. He said that he had crossed ""a country that is, apart from its name, entirely unknown to Europeans, and therefore everything was worth describing"" (Voyages dans la Basse et la Haute Egypte pendant les campagnes de Bonaparte en 1798 et 1799, 1817). On his return to Cairo, the great general, spellbound by Denon's accounts and drawings ordered two commissions to be set up, led by the engineers Fourier and Costaz. They were tasked with the scientific study of the ancient remains in Upper Egypt; research that proved a significant contribution to the monumental Description d'Egypte, from which this plate is taken. ANCIENT EGYPTThese engravings therefore represent a unique body of material that contributed to Jean-François Champollion's deciphering of hieroglyphics, and which mark the beginning of the line of Mariette, Maspero and Carter, who would reshape the face of Ancient Egypt. They also started a craze that gave birth to the phenomenon of Egyptomania and the Orientalism of Delacroix, Fromentin, Marilhat, Decamps and Théophile Gautier. Financiers, politicians, merchants and all kinds of treasure-hunters made their way to the banks of the Nile in search of riches, following this rediscovery of Egypt. The originators of Egyptology, these plates were to have a hugely influential afterlife. NATURAL HISTORYThese engravings show the scientific genius of the French experts then working on the ground in Egypt, laying the foundations for its becoming a French colony. This colonizing project, which had been mooted since the reign of Louis XIV, was now accompanied - with Bonaparte's arrival - by an in-depth study of the country's fauna and flora thanks to the work of the most eminent naturalists, mineralogists, and entomologists of the day. The Description de l'Egypte shows all of this immense scientific undertaking through its engravings, which were done after drawings by members of the Academy of Science, including Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire, Alire Raffenau-Delile and Henri-Joseph Redouté. In the words of Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, ""We have gathered the material for the greatest work that a nation could hope to undertake. In mourning the fate of so many brave soldiers who - after so many glorious exploits - fell in Egypt, we shall be able to console ourselves that such precious works came into being."" MODERN EGYPTThe genius of the experts of the Institut d'Egypte is revealed in the plates of the section known as ""Modern Egypte"". Architecture, industry, social organization, conditions of health, irrigation, music, and crafts, are all presented with exceptional precision and powers of description. The spirit of Diderot and d'Alembert's Encyclopédie runs through the work of the draughtsmen of the Description de L'Egypte, who accompanied the text volumes with numerous detailed plates, undertaking to produce a portrait of the local population that was imbued with both beauty and respect. Wealthy Pashas and simple artisan potters are sensitively represented here, going about their business in beautifully composed images that nonetheless do not fall into the traps of idealism or caricature. ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE (the ""Cairo"" plates) The set of engravings to which this plate belongs constitutes one of the first complete studies of the monuments of Islamic Egypt in Cairo, bringing together maps, sections and elevations of mosques, mausoleums and fortifications, from the Tulunid era in the 9th century up to the Mameluk constructions contemporaneous with the arrival of the Bonapartist troops. At the same time, the architects and engineers of the Institut d'Egypte also made a big series of plates dedicated to civilian housing and edifices in Cairo, including both grander and more modest constructions, providing a precious picture of life in Cairo at the end of the 19th century. BAB AL FOUTOUH Bab el-Foutouh, "" The Conquest Gate"" marks the northern limit of Fatimid old Cairo. Rebuilt in 1087, it is highly defensive in nature owing to the turbulent climate in 11th Century Cairo, which saw a number of popular uprisings. An imposing gate, it has two semicircular towers with low-slung arches made of heavy blocks of stone anchored within the ramparts. The sizeable passage through the gate (4.85m wide by 6.79m high) has a shallow dome. BAB EL NASR Bab el-Nasr, ""The Victory Gate"" is on the northern wall of the Fatimid fortress in Cairo. Its two enormous rectangular towers were rebuilt in 1087 after a long period of popular uprisings. On this highly attractive frontal image signed Protain, one can admire the sculpted shields in the corners of the gate and on the towers, symbolizing victory and protection against invaders. After taking Cairo, Napoleon named all the towers along the wall of the fortress after the officers assigned to guard them. Their names are still engraved on the upper parts of the walls of the gate. SULTAN HASSAN MOSQUEThe massive architectural complex constructed by Sultan Hassan at the foot of the citadel in Cairo was built in the ostentatious style so characteristic of Mameluk architecture. Completed in 1356, the Sultan Hassan Mosque has a monumental gate and a 57m high minaret. This group of buildings, comprising a mausoleum that was never put to use, was strategically built on the site of a square that saw the start of a number of popular uprisings. The mosque was heavily inspired by Iranian models. Philae This plate is taken from a set of engravings dedicated to the Temple of Isis on the island of Philae. The final bastion of the worship of the ancient Egyptian gods, the temple of Isis was the last pagan temple to be in use before it was closed in the 6th century A.D. under Justinian. Construction on the temple began under the Ptolemies, a period of growth for the Isis cult. Isis was the sister and wife of Osiris and mother to Horus. Kom Ombo (Ombos) The Kom Ombo site, 40 kilometers from Aswan, is home to one of the best preserved ancient Egyptian temples, dedicated to Sobek, a crocodile god and Haroeris, a form of Horus. Built in the Ptolemaic era, it was actually founded during the XVIIIth Dynasty. Its massive Composite capitals and highly accomplished reliefs are captured accurately by the draughtsmen of the Institut d'Egypte, Jollois, Balzac and Cécile. The dual aspect of its design, intended for worship of two different divine triads - those of Sobek and Haroeris - is reproduced in great detail by the architects and engineers of the Egyptian campaign through this set of prints, which preceded the first archeological digs in the building by Auguste Mariette in 1828. Edfu This plate is taken from a series of views of the great temple at Edfu and the various buildings in its cultic complex. The temple of Horus, a jewel of Ptolemaic architecture and exceptionally well-preserved, is made up of a majestic entry gate and a hypostyle chamber, which are both extensively documented thanks to the engravings by the experts of the Institut d'Egypte. Begun in 237 BC by Ptolemy III and completed 180 years later under Tiberius, it proved an extraordinary sight for the draughtsmen come to explore the left bank of the Nile. Esna and its environs The town of Esna (Esneh or Latopolis in Bonaparte's time), lies fifty kilometers to the south of Luxor. The experts from the Institut de l'Egypte documented their discovery of its temple, dedicated to Khnum, one of the gods of creation who worked with clay and had the head of a ram; he controlled the life-giving flooding of the Nile, the source of fertility. He was associated with Nebt-uu, the mistress of the countryside and Menhyt, a goddess with the head of a lion. This temple, partially rebuilt during the Ptolemaic era, was added to right up to the reign of Tiberius. The draughtsmen also produced a number of views of the neighboring temples, most notably the less well-preserved temple of Contra-Latopolis to the north of Esna. Thebes Medinet-Habu Close to Thebes and Luxor on the left bank of the Nile, the city of Medinet-Habu is home to one of the most attractive temples of New Kingdom period Egypt, the mortuary temple of Ramses III. This dates from the middle of the 12th century BC, and is based on the famous Ramesseum of his predecessor, which it surpasses in size. A funerary temple celebrating the Pharaoh, the experts of the Institut d'Egypte set about creating cross-sections, plans and elevations, and most especially capturing its numerous bas-reliefs. The architects and draughtsmen also focused on the Royal Palace and its internal peristyle within the 12-metre fortress that encircles the religious complex, including the Temple of Amon, located at the south-east of the site and begun in the reign of Hatshepsut at the end of the 15th Century BC. Memnonium The Memnonium, a name used by visitors to the Valley of the Kings from 1750 to 1850, refers to a set of three royal buildings constructed during the New Kingdom: the Ramesseum, the Temple of Amenhotep III and the Temple of Sethi I. The draughtsmen and architects of Bonaparte's Institut, sent out on expedition across Upper Egypt from 1799 documented Thebes and the Valley of the Kings, even attempting to reconstruct some of the buildings on the basis of descriptions by Classical authors. The tomb of Ozymandias (one of the numerous names of Ramses II), in a very poor state, thus became the subject of very thorough study and an attempt to fill in its missing bits on the basis of the writings of Diodurus Siculus. This Greek historian of the Augustine period stayed in the valley of the Nile from 60-57 BC and his visit to the tomb of Ramses II is recounted in his monumental Bibliotheca Historica (Book I, XLVII-XLIX).At the same time, the experts also made extremely detailed studies and views of the Colossi of Memnon, all that remains of a huge memorial temple to Amenhotep III built on the road to the necropolis in the Valley of the Kings. These colossi were located at the entrance to the temple in front of a preliminary pylon made of brick. These two statues represent King Amenhotep III framed to the right by the great Royal Consort Tiy and to the left by the Queen Mother Mutemwiya. Hypogea and Biban el Moluk This plate is taken from a series of engravings of the hypogea in the Valley of the Kings (Biban el Moluk) in Thebes. Some are in color to show the vivid hues of the sarcophaguses and mysterious murals whose secret had yet to be broken by Jean-François Champollion. The draughtsmen of the Institut, including the famous Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, sent by Napoleon to cover Upper Egypt in 1799, capture with élan the royal mummies and the artifacts that accompanied the dead in their journey to the netherworld: urns, furniture, weapons, idols and the mummies of numerous mammals and birds. Karnak This plate is from a set on the Great Temple at Karnak, built during the New Kingdom at the time of Ramses III. This enormous complex is divided into three parts and is dedicated to the Theban Triad of gods, Amun, Mut and Khonsu. Its sculptures, internal bas-reliefs and sunken reliefs on the external facades are intricately captured by the engineers of the Institut, while the architects worked out the complex groundplan of this edifice, which was divided into facades, colonnaded halls and sacral spaces reserved for the temple priests. The alley of the monumental sphinx which links the site to the Luxor site was also the subject of a plate by Lepère, an architect from the Institut who took part in the expedition across Upper Egypt. Dendera The experts executed views and drawings of the temples of Dendera (or Tentyra), a city in Upper Egypt 60km to the north of Luxor. They have captured, with an exceptional degree of graphic artistry, the thick, round nature of the sculpted reliefs of the great Temple of Hathor, built under the Ptolemies in the first half of the 1st century BC. They also produced interesting views of the neighboring temples as well as a selection of reliefs of the ""Dendera Zodiac"", a chapel dedicated to Osiris and located beneath the temple of Hathor. Its famous astronomical relief was discovered by the French General Desaix - stationed in Upper Egypt by Bonaparte from 1798 - and taken back to France in 1821 by Claude Lelorrain; it is now on display in the Louvre. Another astronomical and cosmological relief on the ceiling of the hypostyle hall of the Temple of Hathor is the subject of a magnificent plate by Jollois and Devilliers. This covers seven soffit coffers of the ceiling and is an immense allegorical image showing several levels of consciousness: that of cosmogony, the constellations and their effect on the Earth, the creation of Man, and the Nomes of Egypt, symbolized by 21 pairs of wings topped with the red crown of Lower Egypt and the white tiara of Upper Egypt. The Pyramids at Memphis The Giza Plateau, near Memphis, is home to three of the most famous Ancient Egyptian Pyramids, the tombs of Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure, Pharaohs of the 4th Dynasty (2620-2500 BC). The experts of the Institut, hurrying to Memphis, explored the plateau and made numerous views of these majestic pyramids, towering over inhabitants and mounted figures. They also made minutely detailed views of the epigraphs on the tombs adjacent to the pyramids, as well as views of the Sphinx of Gaza near the Pyramid of Khafre. Views of Alexandria A plate taken from a set of view of Alexandria as it was found by Napoleon's army in June 1798. Embarking in Toulon on the 14th May, his troops disembarked at Alexandria a month later and explored this port city before heading towards Cairo to take the capital. " Imprimerie Impériale Paris _1809-1829 "71x53,5cm" une feuille‎


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