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‎ALCHABITIUS [AL-QUABISI, ABU AL-SAQR, ABD AL-AZIZ, IBN/BIN OTHMAN/UTHMAN, IBN/BIN ALI]. - [THE STANDARD INTRODUCTION TO ASTROLOGY IN WESTERN EUROPE]‎

Reference : 54287

‎Libellus isagogicus... Interpretationum a Johannes Hispalensis. [Al-madkhal... i.e. Introduction to the Art of Astrology. Translated by Johannes Hispalensis].‎

‎Venice, Erhard Ratdolt, 1482 (on Colophon). 4to. 31 line to a page. 18th century full calf boards, expertly recased around 1900, with lovely gilt spine. Fist leaf with a small expertly repaired hole to the top, affecting the name of the author in the title and two words on the verso (name of the author presumably attempted removed on purpose). A small, barely noticeable restoration to the blank upper, inner margin of the first leaf. Apart from that an excellent copy with only light scattered brownspotting. A couple of contemporary corrections in the text. Title printed in red. Large woodcut diagrams to first and last leaf. Lovely woodcut initials and tables in the text. Good margins. 32 ff. Scarce first Ratdolt-edition and second edition overall of the principal surviving work by the great Arab astronomer, astrologer and geometrician Al-Quabisi (fl. ca. 950). The work, which is an introduction to the fundamental principles of astrology, might not have been original in its contents, but its influence was profound and throughout centuries, it was highly valued as a textbook. The work was written in the 10th century and quickly became the standard introduction to astrology in Western Europe. With the emerging universities, Alqaubisi's "Introduction" became the most widely read book on astronomy in the middle ages. "By the mid twelfth century there was a shift away from the Cathedral schools to the emerging universities... With the establishment of curricula in the Faculty of Arts, and set texts for astronomy, al-Quabisi's text became the astrological text that was most commonly included in the syllabus." <br><br>"The date of this work is fixed by his use of the year 948/949 as a example in the fourth section... There are many Arabic manuscripts (including some in Hebrew script), although it was never found to need a commentary, and it was translated into Latin in 1144, and into French (presumably from the Latin) by Pelerin de Pousse in 1362. Johannes' Latin version was commented on by Johannes de Saxonia at Paris in 1331 and by V. Nabod in 1560, and was also the text commented on by Francesco degli Stabili, called Cecco d'Asoli, who lived between 1269 and 1327." (D.S.B.). <br><br>As is evident from the hundreds of manuscripts, translations, commentaries and, after Gutenberg, early printings, the work exercized an enourmous influence throughout both the Arabic and Western world. It was printed for the first time in 1473, and the present version of the work constitutes the second printing, by the eminent printer Ratdolt, who also made a reprint from the present edition in 1485. The work in its Latin version continued to be very popular well into the Reniassance, and numerous editions appeared throughout the 15th and 16th centuries.<br><br>"'Alcabitius' owes his reputation to a single work: his Book of the "Introduction to the Craft of Astrology", which survives in at least twenty-five Arabic manuscripts (two written in Hebrew script), and in a Latin translation of which there are more than two hundred manuscripts, and twelve printings between 1473 and 1521. The reputation of this text in the Islamic world was such that: according to the biographer, al-Bayhaqi (ca. 1106-74), it "ranked among the works on the stars like Hamasa among Arabic poetry". The Latin text received several commentaries, and was, in turn, translated into several of the European vernaculars. In the universities where astrology was taught (often as part of the curriculum in medicine), the "Introduction" was the first, and often the only, set text. Along with 'Albumasar', 'Alcabitius' became a household name as an authority in astrology." (From Charles Burnett's 2004-edition of the work). <br><br>"By the mid twelfth century there was a shift away from the Cathedral schools to the emerging universities... With the establishment of curricula in the Faculty of Arts, and set texts for astronomy, al-Quabisi's text became the astrological text that was most commonly included in the syllabus." (Fontaine, "Studies in the History of Culture and Science", pp. 48-49). <br><br>This excellent second edition of the work, from 1482, is of the utmost scarcity. We have only been able to locate two or three copies on OCLC, and only four copies at auction over the last 40 years.<br><br>Hain-Copinger: 616; Brunet: I:147; Graesse: I:61 (erroneously stating 1472 in stead of 1482).‎


Herman H. J. Lynge & Son - Copenhagen

Phone number : +45 33 155 335

DKK185,000.00 (€24,812.56 )

‎BARTHOLIN, CASPAR. - LOGIC AND ASTROLOGY.‎

Reference : 57593

‎(3 Works). 1. Enchiridion Logicum ex Aristotle, et Opt. Eius Interpretum monumentis ita concinnatum ut contineat Præcepta... Controversia... Praxin... 2. Janitores Logici Bini, hoc est Excertationes duæ ad Organum Aristotelis viam & januam asperientes: I. De Natura Logicæ. II. De Qvinque Universalib. Quibus omnes de hac materia Quæstiones numero 500 appremé utiles mir â brevitate enucleantur.. Editio tertia... emendatior. - 3. Astrologia seu De Stellarum Naturâ, affectionibus, & effectionibus, Excertatio Qua diffilcultates præcipuæ de Stellarum Definitione, causis, Ordine, Divisione.... Editio Quint a Correctior mendosâ tertia & melior.‎

‎Argentorati (Strassburg), Conradus Scher, 1608 - (Strassburg), Raab, 1612. - (Strassburg, Raab, 1612). Small 8vo. 3 works bound in one contemp. full vellum. Covers blindtooled in panels with floral cornerpieces. Old handwritten title on spine. Light wear. An: 1. (24),449,(7) pp. First edition. (Thesaurus II,338) - 2. (208) pp. - 3. (24),261,(16 of 24 ?) pp. Lacking the last leaves in the Index. 7 leaves with lower corners torn of which 2 have some loss of letters. Light browning an yellowing to leaves. "Bartholins fame is due not to his originality, but to his learning and reputation as a teacher; as a strict Aristotelian he clarified the essential points in the doctrines of his time, eliminating obsolete and superfluous theories. As a theologian his personal life was marked by piety and Lutheran orthodoxy. His anatomical manual Institutiones, well arranged and handy but without illustrations, was reprinted five times. It became still more famous when his son Thomas brought out an enlarged and illustrated edition."(DSB).‎


Herman H. J. Lynge & Son - Copenhagen

Phone number : +45 33 155 335

DKK8,500.00 (€1,140.04 )

‎FIRMICUS MATERNUS JUN., JULIUS - ASTROLOGY. - [THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE HANDBOOK OF ASTROLOGY]‎

Reference : 26933

‎Astronomicon Lib. VIII. per Nicolavum Prucknerum Astrologum nuper ab innumetis mendis uindicati.....Claudii Ptolemaei.....Quadrupartitum vocant, Lib. IIII......Ex Arabicus et Chaldeis.... (3 Parts).‎

‎Basel, J. Hervagius, 1533. Folio. Beautiful manuscript-binding, made of large double manuscript leaf from the 13th century (?), double-columned in red and black/ brown ink. Initials and remains of larger red and blue illumination. The block has been professionally restored, renewing the vellum-cords and preserving the old covers. (16),244,143,(89) pp. Last page with woodcut printer's device. Some woodcuts in the text and fine wood-cut initials throughout. Some annotations in old hand on title-page and some contemporary annotations in margins, mainly on the first ab. 25 leaves. Fine and in general clean, probably due partly to some gentle washing during the restoration stage. Scarce and early edition (first issued in Venice 1497 and by Aldus 1499) of the author's famous "Mathesis" (forming the first part of the present edition). It has been called "the most comprehensive handbook of astrology to come down to us from antiquity" (Franz Boll). <br><br>"Compiled as a handy guide for practioneers of the art, it best represents popular traditions of the previous four centuries (before ca. 350) and bears little resemblance to Ptolemy's quasi-scientific manual of astrology, the Quadripartitum...Firmicus' citations include the legendary Hermes, Orpheus, Abrahem, Petosiris, Nechepso, and Aesculapius". (DSB). <br><br>Firmicius' work is called the Mathesis, and is a large work in eight books, written in Latin for Roman audience (middle 4th Century). It draws on many of the earliest Hellenistic sources and writings of the Hermetic tradition, and preserves much material not found elsewhere. From a practical astrological perspective, it is the largest single source of delineation text, treating of planets in houses, aspects, applications and separations of the Moon, decennials etc. <br><br>Brunet II:1270. - Houzeau & Lancaster: 761. - Wellcome: 2308 (listing only the later edition from the same printer 1551).‎


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Phone number : +45 33 155 335

DKK38,500.00 (€5,163.70 )

‎PTOLEMAEUS, CLAUDIUS - PTOLEMY. - [EDITIO PRINCEPS OF "THE BIBLE OF ASTROLOGY"]‎

Reference : 42132

‎[Tetrabiblos]. Hoc in libro nunquam ante typis aeneis in lucem edita haec insunt. [Greek:] KLAUDIOU ptolemaiou plousieos tetrabiblos sotaxis, pros Syron adelfos. TOU AUTOU karpos, pros ton auton Syros. [Latin:] Claudii Ptolemaei Pelusiensis libri quatuor compositi Syro fratro. Eiusdem fructus librorum suorum, sive Centum dicta, ad eundem Syrum. Traductio in linguam Latinam librorum Ptolemaei duum priorum, & ex aliis praecipuorum aliquot locorum, Ioachimi Camerarii Pabergensis. Conuersio Centum dictorum Ptolemaei in Latinum Iouiani Pontani. Annotatiunculae eiusdem Ioachimi ad libros priores duos iudiciorum Ptol. Matthaei Guarimberti Parmensis opusculum de radiis & aspectibus planetarum. Aphorismi Astrologici Ludouici de Rigiis ad patriarcham Constantinopolitanum.‎

‎Norimbergae [Nürnberg], (Apud Ioannem Petreium), 1535. 4to. Bound in a beautiful contemporary full blindstamped vellum binding over wooden boards. Boards with blindstamped borders with portraits of Marcus, Johannes, Mattheus, Lucas, inside which large square blindstamped centre-piece with floriated decorations and small portriats. Three raised bands to back. Brass clasps to boards partially preserved. A bit of overall wear and general use. Overall a very nice and tight copy. Internally very nice and clean with only a bit of occasional minor brownspotting and soiling. Two leaves with a spot to outer margin (looks like remain of wax or lacquer), far from affecting text. Last four leaves of Greek text with dampstaining. First leaf of Latin text with coloured initial and a couple of red and green underlinings. Woodcut initials. First ab. 10 leaves of text with neat contemporary annotations in Latin and Greek. (6),59, (4) ff. + 84, (24) ff. (The four leaves in between the Greek and the Latin text being the title page: "Librorum de Iudiciis Astrologicis quatuor, duo priores conuersi in linguam Latinam à Ioachimo Camerario Pabergense. Annotatiunculae in eosdem. Aliquot loci translati de tertio & quarto libro Ptolemaei, per eundem Camerarium.", two leaves of preface/dedication, dated 1535, one blank). The very rare first Greek/Latin edition, i.e. the editio princeps of the Greek text and the first edition of Camerarius' seminal translation into Latin (directly from the Greek), of Ptolemy's famous textbook of astrology known under the name "Tetrabiblos" or "Quadripartitum", derived from its four books, the work which "ranks as the Bible of Astrology" (Stillwell) and which Ptolemy himself considered the natural complement to his "Almagest": "as the latter enables one to predict the positions of the heavenly bodies, so the former expounds the theory of their influences on terrestrial things." (D.S.B. XI:198). The present edition also contains the editio princeps of the Greek text of the "Karpos", or "Centiloquium" (because of its 100 aphorisms), erroneously attributed to Ptolemy, as well as Pontano's famous Latin version of it.<br><br>The "Tetrabiblos" is considered one of, if not the, most important surviving ancient texts on astrology, and its impact and influence on this field has been immense. It was by far the most popular astrological work of Antiquity and it also greatly influenced the Islamic world, the Medieval Latin West, and the Renaissance. It was reprinted continuously for centuries, and its great popularity is often attributed to the fact that it is a textbook on the art of astrology itself and a "scientific" defense of it rather than a mere manual instructing lay people on how to practice the art. <br><br>"Of Ptolemy's genuine works the most germane to and significant for our investigation is his "Tetrabiblos", "Quadripartium", or four books on the control of human life by the stars... In the "Tetrabiblos" the art of astrology receives sanction and exposition from perhaps the ablest mathematician and closest scientific observer of the day or at least from one who seemed so for succeeding generations. Hence from that time on astrology was able to take shelter from any criticism under the aegis of his authority..." (Thorndike I:111).<br>As opposed to the "Karpos", almost all research points to the fact that the "Tetrabiblon" must genuinely be by Ptolemy, and as such, it is to be considered of the greatest importance, not only to astrology, the history and impact of the science, but also to astronomy and to the understanding of the man who wrote one of the most important astronomical works of all times. In the "Tetrabiblos" Ptolemy first discusses the validity of the art of judicial astrology, and the introductory chapters are devoted to defending astrology against charges that it is uncertain and useless. According to Ptolemy, the laws of astronomy are beyond dispute, but the art of predicting human affairs from the movement of the stars should be attacked using more reason than that, and his main argument is that one should not reject the art itself merely because it can be abused, and frequently is, by impostors, or because it is an art not yet fully developed and may be difficult to handle properly. In book I Ptolemy goes on to explain the technical concepts of astrology, in book II, the influences on the earth in general, and in books II and IV, the influences on human life. "Although often dependent on earlier authorities, Ptolemy often develops his own dogma. The discussion in books III and IV is confined to what can be deduced from a man's horoscope..." (D.S.B. XI:198). <br><br>"The great influence of the "Tetrabiblos" is shown not only in medieval Arabic commentaries and Latin translations, but more immediately in the astrological writings of the declining Roman Empire, when such astrologers as Hephaestion of Thebes, Paul of Alexandria, and Julius Firmicus Maternus cite it as a leading authoritative work. Only the opponents of astrology appear to have remained ignorant of the "Tetrabiblos", continuing to make criticisms of the art which do not apply to Ptolemy's presentation of it or which had been specifically answered by him." (Thorndike I: 115-16).<br><br>Camerarius's translation of the "Tetrabiblon", here printed for the first time, is probably the most important and influential of the many Latin versions of the text. It is considered the best, most widely used, and most important for the spreading of Ptolemaean astrology in the Renaissance, where this came to play a great role at the universities and beyond. "Melanchton never doubted the scientific accuracy of astrology. For instance, in 1535 Joachim Camerarius' edition of Ptolemy's "Tetrabiblos" was warmly received by Melanchton; in the same year he began lecturing on Ptolemy's work at Wittenberg and stressed the scientific character of the work in his opening address. And in the following year he commented on the second book, beginning with an exhortation to appreciate the philosophical arguments of the first book..." (Stefano Caroti in: Paolo Zambelli edt., "Astrologi hallucinati" Stars and the End of the World in Luther's Time, 1986, p. 113).<br><br>It is widely accepted that it is the present first Greek/Latin-edition, i.e. the editio princeps of the Greek text together with Camerarius' Latin version of it, that has played the most dominant role in the spreading and interpreting of Ptolemy's astrology in the Renaissance. Astrology, as derived from Classical Antiquity, with Ptolemy as the greatest exponent of them all, came to play a seminal role in Renaissance understanding of both exact sciences and philosophy, and thus this period witnessed a huge number of discussions and interpretations of astrology in general, but of the astrology of Ptolemy's "Tetrabiblion" in particular. Many of the main proponents of Ptolemy's astrology in the Renaissance are known specifically to have owned or read the present Greek/Latin edition and refer to Camerarius' Latin version and to the original Greek text which had now become available for the first time.‎


Herman H. J. Lynge & Son - Copenhagen

Phone number : +45 33 155 335

DKK150,000.00 (€20,118.29 )
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