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‎SAUSSURE, FERDINAND de. - [FOUNDING STRUCTURAL LINGUISTICS]‎

Reference : 38101

‎Cours de linguistique générale. Publié par Charles Bally et Albert Sechehaye. Avec la collaboration de Albert Riedlinger.‎

‎Lausanne & Paris, 1916. Lex 8vo. Uncut in the orig. printed wrappers. Minor wear w. minor loss to capitals and corner of front wrapper, otherwise an exceptionally nice copy. A few pages w. underlining. Text-illustrations. 336, (1, -errata) pp. The first edition of Saussure's seminal main work, which marks a turning point in the history of linguistics and had a monumental impact on related fields such as philosophy, logic, sociology, literary theory, etc. Because of this work, Saussure is considered the father of 20th century linguistics, and the influence of his ideas on the development of linguistic theory in the first half of the 20th century can hardly be overstated.<br><br>After having published his "Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européenes" in 1878, Saussure did not publish another full-length work in his life-time, and his "Course in General Linguistics" is a summary of the three lecture-courses he gave on linguistics at the University of Geneva in 1906-07, 1908-09 and 1910-11. The work was published posthumously by two of his former students and based on lecture notes. In this monumental work, based on his lectures, Saussure sets out to examine the relationship between language (langue) and speaking (parole), both as the relation of a social phenomenon to an individual phenomenon, and as the relation of a system to the concrete use of this system. He determines that there is a structured system of common signs between the users of a language, and that language can be analyzed as a formal system of elements. These elements are signs, signs that again can be divided into expression (signifiant) and content (signifié). This theory of language has deeply influenced all later theories of language.<br><br>With this work, Ferdinand Saussure (1857-1913) thus came to occupy a seminal place in the history of language theory. In this work he is strongly focused on creating a science of language, free of its former embedment in archaeology, psychology, and also -or perhaps especially- the history of language. And he succeeds. Before his work, linguistics had had been dominated by a historical, though also partly structural, understanding of language, but now, Saussure introduced and determined the purpose and meaning of linguistics, the universal science of language. <br><br>With Sausurre, linguistics now became, not only the study of the history of languages and of the influences that determine the development of it, but also, and primarily, the study of language and the study of the manifestations of human speech, of what makes human speech possible.<br><br>Thus, there is no doubt as to the monumental impact of this groundbreaking work, and almost all language theoreticians ever since have been deeply influenced by it. In Europe, the Prague School with e.g. Roman Jakobson and the Copenhagen School with e.g. Louis Hjelmslev, and in America, Leonard Bloomfield and his followers (later Noam Chomsky), were all influenced by Saussure's theories and based their formings of structural linguistics on his basic notions.<br>Saussure's work reached much farther, though, and the principles of structuralism came to deeply influence thinkers such as Jacques Lacan, Claude Lévi-Strauss etc., etc.‎


Herman H. J. Lynge & Son - Copenhagen

Phone number : +45 33 155 335

DKK18,000.00 (€2,414.20 )

‎SYV, (PEDER PEDERSEN). P.P. - [FIRST DANISH WORK OF COMPARATIVE LINGUISTICS]‎

Reference : 54219

‎Nogle Betenkninger om det Cimbriske Sprog.‎

‎Kiøbenh. (i.e. Copenhagen), 1663. 8vo. Contemporary full vellum with handwritten title to spine. Nice and tight with little wear. Einar Christiansen's book plate to inside of front board. (10), 200 pp. With the wonderful engraved illustrated title-page with 11 lovely illustrations allegorically depicting the different chapters. <br><br>WITH A DATED (1676) ORIGINAL SIGNATURE OF PEDER PEDERSEN SYV INSERTED TO FRONT FREE END-PAPER. The very rare first edition of the first Danish work of comparative linguistics and the first Danish work on comparative history of literature. The work is of seminal importance to the development of the Danish language as the accepted official and written language of Denmark. <br><br>The seminal philological treatise constituted a programmatic defense of vernacular national languages and Syv is hereby responsible for introducing Danish in a wider spectrum of social domains and to establish a notion of Danish literature as accepted in its own right. Up until Syv, Latin and German were the learned languages of Denmark and the languages used for all matter of official business. But just as Dante had done with Italian, Peder Syv, with the present work, began the quest of making Danish a language also respected for written literature.<br><br>The Cimbrian language included Scandinavian, Gothic, Slavic, German, and partly English and Russian, and Syv regarded it as one of the oldest tongues in the world, coming from Hebrew and older than Greek and Latin. He refused to view it as originally German. <br><br>"Peder Syv is sometimes referred to as "the fist Danish grammarian." In this remarkable little book, with its curious illustrated title-page, Syv defends the use of the Danish language in literature. To demonstrate the strength of his native danish tongue, Syv cites the accomplishments of important authors writing in Danish... for example, Huitfeldt, Skonning, Arrebo, Bording, and Pontoppidan." (Reinhardt)<br><br>Nancy S. Reinhardt: "Danish Literature. An exhibition at the Houghton Library". The Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1986, nr. 10.‎


Herman H. J. Lynge & Son - Copenhagen

Phone number : +45 33 155 335

DKK30,000.00 (€4,023.66 )

‎TRAVAUX DU CERCLE LINGUISTIQUE DE COPENHAGEN.‎

Reference : 13813

‎Vol. 1-13 (lacks vol. 11).‎

‎Copenhagen, 1945-60. Contributors: Louis Hjelmslev, H.J. Uldall, H. Spang-Hanssen, Gunnar Bech, Holger Sten a. others.‎


Herman H. J. Lynge & Son - Copenhagen

Phone number : +45 33 155 335

DKK950.00 (€127.42 )

‎YOUNG, THOMAS - THE FIRST WORK ON THE MATHEMATICS OF COMPARATIVE LINGUISTICS.‎

Reference : 46551

‎Remarks on the Probabilities of Error in Physical Observations, and on the Density of the Earth, Considered With Regard to the Reduction of Experiments on the Pendulum. Read January 21, 1819. (+) Postscript.‎

‎(London, W. Bulmer and Co., 1819). 4to. No wrappers as extracted from "Philosophical Transactions" 1819 - Part I. Pp. 70-95 a. pp. 1-4. First printing of a milestone paper in statistical linguistics as it is the first work to apply a statistical method to linguistic problems. Young considers the "problème des rencontres" and arrives at the Poisson distribution with unit parameter as a limiting case. The paper deals mainly with statistical error-problems in physics; his linguistic considerations takes up pp. 79-82.<br><br>"It has long been recognized that the demonstration of genetic affiliation between languages involves a statistical element, in that it is necessary to exclude the possibility of congruences between languages being due to chance, but it has generally been considered both difficult and unnecessary to engage in explicit statistical calculation. This is largely due to the belief that the comparative method as traditionally applied so reduces the possibility of chance as virtually to exclude it. The controversy that has latterly raged over certain claims of distant genetic relationship, where the evidence adduced is scant and no reconstruction of the history of the putatively related languages follows and confirms the claim of affiliation, has brought about a renewed interest in quantitative methods (e.g. Ringe 1992, Kessler 2001). (William J. Poser "Sir Thomas Young and Statistical Evidence of Historical Relationship").‎


Herman H. J. Lynge & Son - Copenhagen

Phone number : +45 33 155 335

DKK4,500.00 (€603.55 )
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